Alcmaeon of Croton was an early Greek medical writer and . Later authors such as Iamblichus (VP , ), Philoponus (De An. p. 88), and. Philosopher and naturalist Greek, who lived in the 5th century BC Some authors consider it a disciple of Pythagoras, given that continues th. View the profiles of people named Alcmeon de Crotona. Join Facebook to connect with Alcmeon de Crotona and others you may know. Facebook gives people.

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Even if the remark is unlikely to go back to Aristotle, his doubts about who influenced whom suggest that Alcmaeon belonged to the late sixth or early fifth century Schofield, which would argue against the late date of adopted by Mansfeld78, n.

We might also conclude that the soul, as what moves something else, must be in motion itself the synonymy principle of causation. Aristotle complains, however, that Alcmaeon did not arrive at a definite set of opposites but spoke haphazardly of white, black, sweet, bitter, good, bad, large, and small, and only threw in vague comments about the remaining opposites.

Alcmaeon of Croton – Wikidata

Mansfeld has recently argued that scholars are wrong to ascribe the key terms isonomia and monarchia to Alcmaeon Mansfeld a. One might have expected, however, that the moon would be flat like the sun West But why did Alcmaeon suppose that the soul must be always in motion? Some have sought to date him on the basis of his address to Brotinus e.

Aristotle and Theophrastus refer to him a number of times but cfotona identify him as a Pythagorean, and this is the practice of the doxographical tradition see A4, 6, 8—10, 13—14, 17—18, in DK The similarity to the divine is not part of the inference here but simply an illustrative comparison.

He is likely to cgotona written his book sometime between and BCE. The point of Fragment 2 may be that, whereas the heavenly bodies do join their beginnings to their ends in circular motion, humans are not able to join their end in old age to their beginning in childhood, i.


The range of his work in biology is remarkable for the early fifth century and he may have initiated a physiological emphasis in Greek philosophy which was not present in Ionian philosophers, such as Anaximander and Dd, and set the agenda in this area for later Presocratics Zhmud a, The version in the doxographical tradition is more sophisticated DK, A As a result, they are incapacitated when it is disturbed or changes its place, for it then stops the channels, through which the senses vrotona.

This is, in fact, not a fragment but a testimonium and much of the language comes from the doxographical tradition rather than Alcmaeon. He also practiced astrology and meteorology. DK, A5 There is no evidence, however, that Alcmaeon dissected the eye itself or that he dissected the skull in order to trace the optic nerve all the way to the brain. Princeton University Press, — The ancient tradition assigns one book to Alcmaeon, which came to bear the traditional title of Presocratic treatises, On Nature DK, A2although this title probably does not go back to Alcmaeon himself.

Even if this is a dedication, it does not follow that Alcmaeon agreed with the views of his addressees. Cambridge University Press, 97— Diogenes Laertius states that he was a disciple of Pythagoras, [viii.

More significantly, he used analogies with animals and plants in developing his accounts of human physiology. Referred to as [DK].

Other Internet Resources [Please contact the author with suggestions. Pre-Socratic philosophers by school. Xenophanes Pherecydes Hippo Diogenes Alcmaeon. Mansfeld concludes that this origin of the terms from the doxography is more likely than assuming influence on Alcmaeon from the reforms of Cleisthenes.

Horn argues that there is no obvious meaning to the idea that the human soul is in continual motion so that Alcmaeon must be talking about a world soul, which has the continual motion of the heavenscroona. Alcmaeon appears to have started from the assumption that the soul is always in motion. Such a metaphorical use of isonomia is unparalleled at this early date and is much more likely to have been introduced later in the doxographical tradition.


Milesian Thales Anaximander Anaximenes.

Alcmaeon of Croton

So A5 is the fifth testimonia about Alcmaeon listed ceotona DK. It is a surprising remark for Aristotle to make, since he only refers to Pythagoras once elsewhere in all his extant writings and throughout this passage of the Metaphysics refers to the Pythagoreans or Italians in the plural. Disease is said to arise in the blood, the marrow, or the brain.

Mirror Sites View this site from another server: The B annotations refer to actual fragments of Alcmaeon in DK as opposed to the testimonia, second hand reports, etc.

There is no evidence about what Alcmaeon thought happened to the soul, when the body perished, however. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

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The sentence in bold above is missing in one of the major manuscripts and Alexander makes no mention of it in his commentary rcotona the Metaphysics. Greek texts of the fragments and testimonia with crtona in Latin. Later writers in the medical tradition, such as Galen DK A2treat him as a philosopher-scientist rather than as a physician, so that some scholars Mansfeld ; cf.

Alcmaeon of Croton was an early Greek medical writer and philosopher-scientist.

Alcmeón de Crotona

The Extant FragmentsNew Haven: Les Belles Lettres, 57— Animals drotona brains too, however, and thus might appear to be able to carry out the simple correlation of the evidence from the various senses, whereas the human ability to make inferences and judgments DK, B1 appears to be a more plausible candidate for the distinctive activity of human intelligence.

Life and Works 1. Thus, whether a practicing physician or not, Alcmaeon undoubtedly owes some of ve interest in human physiology and psychology to the medical tradition in Croton.