GERMAN PIONIER 19395 PDF
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The term is in principle similar to sapper. Pioneers were originally part of the artillery branch of European armies. Subsequently, they formed part of the engineering branch, the logistic branch, part of the infantry; or even comprised a branch in their own right.
Historically, the primary role of pioneer units was to assist other arms in tasks such as the construction of field fortificationsmilitary campsbridges and roads. During the 20th century, British Commonwealth military forces came to distinguish between small units of ” piomier pioneers ” belonging to infantry germqn and separate pioneer units as in the former Royal Pioneer Corps.
The word pioneer is originally from France. PIONEERS, in war-time, are such as are commanded in from the country, to march with an army, for mending the ways, for working on entrenchments, fortifications, and for making mines and approaches: Most of the foreign regiments of artillery have germab a company of pioneers, well instructed in that important branch of duty.
Our regiments of infantry and cavalry have 3 or 4 pioneers each, provided with aprons, hatchets, saws, spades, and pick-axes. Extensive use was made of pioneers in the British Indian Army because of the demands of campaigning in difficult terrain with little or no infrastructure. Intwo companies of pioneers were raised in Madras, increasing to 16 in divided into two battalions. Bombay and Bengal pioneers were formed during the same period. In the late 91395 century, a number of existing Indian infantry regiments took the title and the construction role of pioneers.
While this dual function did not qualify them to be regarded as elite units, the frequency with which they saw active service iponier postings to pioneer regiments popular with British officers. Prior to World War I, each sepoy in a Pioneer regiment carried a pickaxe or a light spade in special leather equipment as well as a rifle and bayonet. NCOs and buglers carried axes, saws and billhooks. Heavier equipment, such as explosives, was carried lionier mule.
The unit was therefore well equipped for simple field engineering tasks, as well as being able to defend itself in hostile territory. During the War, the increased specialisation required of Pioneers made them too valuable to use as regular assault infantry. Accordingly, inthe Pioneer regiments were taken out of the line infantry and grouped into the Corps of Madras Pioneers four battalionsthe Corps of Bombay Pioneers four battalionsthe Corps of Sikhs Pioneers four battalionsand the Corps of Hazara Pioneers one battalion.
All four Pioneer Corps were disbanded in and their personnel mostly transferred into the Corps of Sappers and Miners, whose role they had come to parallel.
It was concluded that the Pioneer battalions had become less technically effective than the Sappers and Miners, but too well trained in specialist functions to warrant being used as ordinary infantry. In addition, their major role of frontier road building had now been allocated to civilian workers.
Historically, British infantry regiments maintained small units of pioneers for heavy work and engineering, especially for clearing paths through forests and for leading assaults on fortifications.
These units evolved into assault pioneers. They also inspired the creation of the Royal Pioneer Corps. During World War I, on paper at least, each division was allocated a pioneer infantry battalion, who in addition to being trained infantry were able to conduct pioneer duties.
These pioneer battalions were raised and numbered within the existing infantry regiments; where possible recruits were men who possessed transferable skills from civilian life. It was renamed the Pioneer Corps on 22 November It was renamed the Royal Pioneer Corps on 28 November All British infantry regiments still maintain assault pioneer units.
The Pioneer Sergeant is the only rank allowed to wear a beard on parade. The piobier of Israeli military pioneers is a back-derivation from the civilian term. The Israeli army’s pioneers were formed in from Jewish civilian pioneers, i.
British Indian Army Pioneer Battalions enlisted, drilled and trained as any other native infantry battalion of the line, but received additional construction training. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. It has been suggested that this article be merged into Combat engineer. Discuss Proposed since December Retrieved 16 September Indian Army Uniforms under the British: Artillery, Engineers and Infantry.
Pioneer (military) – Wikipedia
The Indian Army — Retrieved 30 December Retrieved 9 January Retrieved 15 September Retrieved 13 April geerman Retrieved from ” https: Combat occupations Military engineering. Webarchive template wayback links Articles to be merged from December All articles to be merged Articles containing French-language text Wikipedia articles with GND identifiers.