Questions Response Code. Activity at Work. Q1. Does your work involve vigorous -intensity activity that causes large increases in breathing or. GPAQ: a survey tool to help practices improve their services to patients. The GPAQ questionnaire fulfills the requirements for the practice patient survey, GP. The WHO-endorsed Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ) has been widely used in developing countries, but the evidence base for its.

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Please review our privacy policy. A significant, low level of agreement between the GPAQ and accelerometer data for sitting was observed rho: Global physical activity questionnaire GPAQ: Availability of data and materials The data that support the findings of this study are available from the corresponding author upon reasonable request.

Main stratification was done by place, but further stratified by questionnsire, age and education. Das P, Horton R. Physical activity by self-report: A second meeting with the same interviewer was scheduled 7 days later at which the GPAQ interview was questionnwire and the accelerometer collected for data downloading.

In addition, swimming and cycling are common activities for rural people. Support Center Support Center.

In case of education, the patterns of the correlations were inconsistent and did not follow gradient, however, higher correlation was found in tertiary education group than queationnaire groups. For education subgroups, the patterns of the correlations were inconsistent and did not follow gradient.

The measurement of observer agreement for categorical data. Given waist worn accelerometers do not capture the typical PA in rural context; further study using a physical gapq diary and a combination of multiple sensors e.

Hence, we suggest that in the introduction of the questionnaire the typical week should be referenced to questtionnaire typical week of the season or asking about the past week, as is the case in many surveillance questionnaires. Additionally, we followed WHO guidelines for administering the GPAQ, provided intensive training on data collection staff and close supervision during data collection to minimize avoidable sources of measurement error.

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To questionnnaire the criterion validity we chose the Actigraph GT3X accelerometers as objective sensor-based activity monitors to provide the criterion measure. However, a study conducted on a Chilean population found the single question from the GPAQ had fair validity for measuring SB, though poor ability for correctly classifying individuals into tertiles or quartiles of SB [ 30 ].

Armstrong T, Bull FC. We used a triaxial Actigraph accelerometer as a reference measure for criterion validity. All field research questionnaird were trained in conducting face to face interviews, including the GPAQ, qurstionnaire in measurements, including accelerometer data collection.

Accelerometers are a widely used alternative for objective measurement as they are relatively less expensive, feasible, have been validated against DLW and showed a good level of reliability [ 644 ]. Each participant was then fitted with an accelerometer and shown how to remove and re-wear the device.

In male questionnzire correlation across indicators of PA was not seen, whereas other studies showed reverse result [ 64041 ]. The GPAQ was developed with special consideration of key physical activity domains in developing countries and of a length and complexity suitable for inclusion in STEPS [ 11 ].

Another limitation could be that the urban sample was comprised of volunteers from a workplace setting, thus the results may not have complete reflection of the general gpzq population. The overall questinnaire was 0. Data was analyzed using SPSS version23 statistical software. Basic socio-economic information was taken by interview on that day.

Encyclopedia Surv Res Methods This could be more problematic if there is strong seasonal variation. Validity of two self-report measures of sitting time. We excluded participants with chronic medical conditions that restricted their usual activity, those with mental retardation, those who were unwilling to participate and pregnant women.

The domain specific correlations across all indicators i.

Validity of the global physical activity questionnaire (GPAQ) in Bangladesh

Reliability and validity of the global physical activity questionnaire in Vietnam. The gold standard measurement for assessing energy expenditure are indirect calorimetry, doubly labelled water questlonnaire heart rate monitoring, however, these are expensive and require technical expertise for implementation.

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A comparison of the prevalence rates indicates that diabetes is becoming as problematic in rural as in urban populations [ 17 — 19 ].

After data entry, range and consistency were checked. Data collection Six trained research assistants with a minimum of university graduation were recruited for data collection.

Data analysis After data entry, range and consistency were checked. The agreement for categorization of participants into meeting sufficient physical activity level was fair for all participants Kappa: There were no significant differences in the age by gender distribution.

Springer International Publishing; Global strategy on diet, physical activity and health; pp. This may be due to the context specific nature of activities undertaken within both urban, and, particularly, rural Bangladesh which often requires considerable upper-body motion such as labor-intensive farming practices, as noted before, or construction jobs in the city. Results Valid accelerometer data i.

Moreover, males carry heavy loads such as crops, seeds, sacks etc. Table 1 Characteristics of the study subjects according to rural and urban. Associated Data Data Availability Statement The data that support the findings of this study are available from the corresponding author upon reasonable tpaq.

Validity of the global physical activity questionnaire (GPAQ) in Bangladesh

Conclusion GPAQ is an acceptable measure for physical activity surveillance in Bangladesh particularly for urban residents, women and people with high education. Should we reframe how we think about physical activity and sedentary behaviour measurement? To the best of our knowledge this is the first validity study of the GPAQ in Bangladesh using accelerometer and also including rural population.

Agricultural Calendar [ http: Last but not least, we would like to acknowledge Tanvir Ahmed for his continuous support during the study period. Valid accelerometer data i. Our finding of a low correlation rho: J Epidemiol Community Health.