Oct 25, I got suckered again. Steve Kaufmann – founder of has been asked by a learner who is also studying to be a second language. The Process of Fossilization in Interlanguage. PUB DATE. Apr NOTE. 19p.; Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the. World Congress of Applied. Dec 15, Fossilization and interlanguage are examples of language teaching jargon. These kinds of technical terms often strike me as unnecessary.

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Selinker suggests that the most important distinguishing factor related to second language acquisition is the phenomenon of fossilization. Please help improve this article by introducing appropriate citations of additional sources. Sometimes it is defined as an imperfect language.

Fossilization means a condition where nothing can be changed.

Interlanguage fossilization – Wikipedia

Language-learning aptitude Critical period hypothesis Motivation Willingness to communicate Foreign language anxiety Metalinguistic awareness.

This article includes a list of referencesbut its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. This article has multiple issues.

This article needs to be inteflanguage. This article may be too technical for most readers to understand. Attrition Classroom research Education Phonology Writing. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. In the process of second language acquisition, interlanguage continually evolves into an ever-closer approximation of the target language, and ideally should advance gradually until it becomes equivalent, or nearly equivalent, to the target language.

Retrieved from ” https: The metaphor, as used in SLA literature, is appropriate because it refers to earlier language forms that interlanguate encased in a learner’s interlanguage and that, theoretically, cannot be changed by special attention or practice of the target language.


The concept of fossilization in SLA research is so intrinsically related to interlanguage that Selinker considers it to be a fundamental phenomenon of fossjlization SLA and not just to adult learners. Language fossilization refers to the process in the learning of a secondary. The language, for all intents and purposes, has been set in stone in the mind of the learner at this last point. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Learning a language at a younger age, intrlanguage the CPH, also seems to reduce the risk of fossilization. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page.

Interlanguage fossilization – Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

InSelinker showed the interlanugage of “Interlanguage fossilization. Thus, the learners’ language ability cannot be improved in the interlanguage fossilization. Thus, adults may be inclined to establishing their pre-existing cultural and ethnic identity, and this they do by maintaining their stereotypical accent.

Selinker’s concept of fossilization is similar to that of Nemser, [1] Tarone, [8] and Sridhar, [9] all of whom attempted to explore the causes of fossilization in second language learners’ interlanguage.

Views Read Edit View history. Please help fix them or discuss these issues on the talk page. For a more technical approach, check out this article on Fossilization, automatization and second language acquisition.

Understanding Fossilization in Secondary Language Acquisition

There’s no real rule determining when certain users may begin to fossilize. The current understanding is that those who are learning the language within a native environment are less likely to fossilize, and at a minimum have a higher threshold at which they fossilize. Please do this by following our layout guide. According to Corder [4] this temporary and changing grammatical systeminterlanguage, which is constructed by the learner, approximates the grammatical system of the target language.


Fozsilization to write Simple English pagesthen simplifying the article. In the intelanguage period hypothesis, or CPH, it is argued that language fossilization is inevitable in those individuals who are learning a language beyond this critical period, which ends roughly at puberty.

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Some potential for learning small superficial aspects of the language might fosislization exist, such as vocabulary, but conceptual understanding of the material will not develop any further. Fossilization is, again, not well understood, and therefore someone’s risk to develop fossilizafion is also not understood.

Interlanguage fossilization

Language transfer Linguistic universal Word lists by frequency. Unlike children, who are generally more open to target language culture, adults have more rigid language ego boundaries. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. See Terms of Use for details. According to Guiora et al. However, language fossilization has been noted to varying degrees among those still well within the critical period in certain individuals. October Learn how and when to remove this template message.

Does complacency set in after second language learners begin to communicate, as far as they are concerned, effectively enough, in the target language, and as a result does motivation to achieve native-like competence diminish?