Implementors of JSTL and authors of JSP pages may find the The JavaServer Pages™ Standard Tag Library (JSTL) specification is the result. The JavaServer Pages Standard Tag Library (JSTL) is a component of the Java EE Web application development platform. It extends the JSP specification by. Apache hosts the Apache Standard Taglib, an implementation of the JSP Standard Tag Library (JSTL) specification. Various versions are.

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These general-purpose actions also encompass error handling. I am not going to go speicfication the various design patterns that can be applied for doing business or integration tier access.

The specification can be found at http: Let’s walk through code samples to see how we use each specificatioh the tags provided in this library. Writing Output to the JspWriter There are four general-purpose tags. To ensure that the data is displayed to the user correctly we would use: Then we’ll look specirication how these pieces can be put to work using the various actions available in the JSTL.

Why then are these actions even provided in the JSTL? These objects allow for access to any variables that are held in the particular JSP scopes. This is similar to doing a ServletRequest.

This holds true for request header information as well as for using the implicit objects header and headerValues. With escapeXml set to false, our users see the correct display with the text bolded. The page author can handle an unexpected value more in a user-friendly way, perhaps informing the user of the type of data that is expected or providing a sample of the format of specificatlon required by the user.

JavaServer Pages Standard Tag Library

For example, a String parameter from a request specificatiob be coerced to the appropriate object or primitive.

The XML entity values that are used for encoding the characters are shown in Table 4. More than likely, the application you are developing today will have to be internationalized tomorrow. Say we want to personalize our welcome page and pass the name of a user so that we can welcome them.


If the book is not in stock, we can access the book Object by using the EL and assigning that to the value attribute. All of these xScope objects are Maps that map the respective scope attribute names to their values. Expressions in template text are not supported if you are using JSTL 1. While I can barely see the point being made for use of the SQL actions for specifucation or small-scale applications, I can’t ever validate the argument that you just don’t have the time to implement an MVC model correctly.

If the value of the parameter does not parse correctly to a number say, the value is September instead of 9 at that point an exception will be thrown.

The first output is using the default value of escapeXmlwhile the second output shows the result of using the esacpeXml set to false. For a complete discussion on Struts along with a sample application, refer to The Struts Framework: This dilemma specificatiom what has hampered the true role separation between the JSP page author and the Java programmer. Formatting for numbers, dates, and currency, which includes such actions as: Objects include pageScope, requestScope, sessionScope, and applicationScope.

An Introduction to JSTL

Sue can also be found speaking at various technical conferences around the country. All of the standard and common operators are available. However, since these actions are included in the JSTL,I must make sure you understand them and their features so that you can make an informed decision.

Automatic Type Conversion The automatic type conversion is a very convenient feature of the EL in that a full set of coercion between various object and primitive types is supported. Let’s look at Example 3. Using separate TLDs to expose the tags, the functionality for each set of actions is apparent and makes more sense. It is up to the page author and application architect to make sure that the design patterns are being adhered to correctly, if not for the maintenance issue of the application then for the practice of good engineering.

Before we dive into the various functional areas in the JSTL, we should start with the expression language. While the JSTL is commonly referred to as a single tag library, it is actually composed of four separate tag libraries: To sum up for now, the layout of the JSTL is straightforward. The identifier itself can reside in any of the known JSP scopes.


These coercions are done under the covers for you by the implementation, but it is always a good idea to understand how, and in what order, the rules are being applied. It should be obvious that: You can use expressions in the value attribute.

JSR A Standard Tag Library for JavaServer Pages(TM) Specification Maintenance Release 2

The answer is yes. Since this expert group has a good cross section of JSP authors and users, the actions provided in the JSTL should suit a wide audience. Spevification actions that make it easy to iterate through collections of Objects.

The JSTL defines appropriate conversions and default values. Struts is an MVC framework that can be learned quickly and will provide a much cleaner architecture than having Model information located throughout your JSPs. There has always been a need although not a requirement that the page authors have some understanding of a programming language usually Java in order to create complex pages.

In this example, we would be accessing a variable already set, called userNameStringthat would then be used as a parameter to the message.