Tensho kata: Its origins are based on the point and circle principles of Kempo. It was heavily influenced by the late by Chojun Miyagi and was. This article is the third in a series of articles that examines the fundamental principles of Goju-ryu karate. The Tensho kata builds upon all of the concepts. This article describes some soft (ju) principles of Goju-Ryu developed through the study of Tensho kata. The origin of these principles is undoubtedly Chinese.

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The shoulder muscle group then returns to a locked Sanchin structure e. Centering and Weight Transitioning Principle 6: The defender then becomes the attacker and returns the palm-heel strike while the partner practices the same technique f.

These katta are but a few of kafa hidden treasures within the kata. Notice how weight transitioning is used to position the body c for this technique, and power is transferred by opening and closing d. The origin of these principles is undoubtedly Chinese and Master Miyagi clearly intended them to be taught only after the Sanchin principles were mastered.

In Karate we first breathe out and then in.

The kata builds upon all of the concepts presented in previous papers but adds principles of soft fluid motion, weight transitioning, connectivity, and opening and closing. References [ Labbate ] Marvin Labbate The Chinese version of six functions of the hands is practiced with very little breathing and the movements are performed quickly, but the Japanese version, the movements are the opposite, deep breathing with slower movements.

As I have mentioned earlier, in daily life we are not conscious of breathing.

This was supposed to be a drill by two people. After the palm-heel strike athe right hand is rotated downward band then drawn inward to the chamber position c. Applying the First Sequence Figure 16 shows a practical close-in application of the second sequence from Tensho. Assembling the Principles Figures 13 and 14 demonstrate the difference between the conventional Sanchin structure for the palm-heel strike and the modified structure based on the combination of these new principles.

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Notice the position of the hand when preparing the palm-heel strike cjust like a whip being wound-up and flicked into the opponent. The strike is delivered from the chambered position a. Although powerful and hard, the Sanchin style strike in Figure 13 has only a moderate effect of the glove representing the opponent.

Even if we are fed well nutritionally, without a good digestion it will mean nothing. As the knife hand block is performed, weight transfers to the forward foot delivering power into the block b. However, as the right hip and shoulder swing forward, weight is transferred to the forward foot aas the right hip and shoulder transition backward, weight is transferred to the backward foot b. Sensei Boon Heng Leeas already cited above, has already given us an explanation.

Tensho (kata) – Wikipedia

When Tensho is practiced in this tesnho, fluid manner attention must be paid to the tempo of the movements: Grabbing at the wrist in the on-guard position In the next movement from the kata, shown in Figure 5 a-cthe right hand begins in the onguard position, turns over to grab with a hooking block band finally performs a knife hand block c. Two students begin in the onguard position with hands positioned so that a grab is formed at the wrist; the students touch by locking these hooks together d.

Weight transitioning is used to reinforce the transfer of power into a technique and enhance stability.

This segment teaches the fourth push-hands drill that brings together the several soft skills: The entire sequence is carried out as a single movement, without breaks between the techniques.


This position teaches students to use a hook formed at the wrist to grab and hold an opponent. This plays a tfnsho role, as he said to me, in keeping your arm as close to your body as possible when rotating.

However, just before contact, the defender redirects the strike by rotating the hips away causing the strike to miss the body entirely h. To illustrate this relationship, Figures 1 and 2 show two of the crucial opening sequences from Tensho. Tensho kata contains the Okinawan push-hands drills kakie and incorporates a wealth of concealed meanings to teach and develop these soft internal components of the style. The alternative is a soft principle in which a strike opens to transfer energy and closes to load energy for the next technique, just like the whip in the analogy.

Thus in Figure 1, the entire sequence from a up to and including e is used to inhale, and only the strike in f is associated with exhalation. Opening and Closing provides an explosive release of energy directed at the instant of a strike. Finally opening and closing provides explosive force at the point of impact.

Goju-Ryu Kata – Tensho

This Kata will teach you the importance of forefinger and thumb positioning when you twist your palm. Soft practice should be combined with chi gung exercises to develop internal energy.

An immediate second punch by the attacker is then intercepted using the knife hand block with the same hand b. Sanchin structure is momentarily lost as the shoulder muscle group is opened allowing energy to flow from the center into the strike b. First Sequence, taken from Katz Figure 2: