KIRUNDI GRAMMAR PDF
Get this from a library! Kirundi grammar: book II. [Betty Ellen Cox]. From to Elizabeth “Betty” Ellen Cox served as a missionary to equatorial Africa working for the General Missionary Board of the Free Methodist . Dictionary: Kirundi-English, English-Kirundi by. Elizabeth E. Cox be necessary to turn to the Kirundi-English section. N.B. .. interrogative (grammar) ku – bā ta.
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When a long vowel changes from a high tone to a low tone, it is marked as a falling tone.
Kirundi – Wikipedia
Meeussen described this harmony in his essay and it is investigated further by others. The distinction is phonemic. Some authors have expanded these more complex features of the tonal system noting that such properties are highly unusual for a tone system. I’m interested in looking at more Bantu languages now that I have some grasp kirundo Swahili. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Languages of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. I’m so jealous, whenever he speaks it to his dad or grandmother it sounds so awesome.
Rundi edition of Wikipediathe free encyclopedia. I thought that with Rwanda and Burundi being further away from the coast, their language wouldn’t have so much obvious influence from Arabic.
Since Rundi has phonemic distinction on vowel length, when a long vowel changes from a low tone to a high tone it is marked as a rising tone. Although the literature on Rundi agrees on 5 vowels, the number of consonants can vary anywhere from 19 to 26 consonants.
Kirundi is frequently cited as a language where Meeussen’s rulea rule describing a certain pattern of tonal change in Bantu languages, is active. The Guthrie classification is geographic and its groupings do not imply a relationship between the languages within them.
To really learn a language you must discuss with someone who speaks it that way your improve your accent. Looking at the Kimenyi text, it’s interesting to see how some of the ikrundi resembles Swahili-Arabic vocabulary.
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. G10 G11 Gogo G12 Kaguru.
It’s not that surprising. Somali, Kinyarwanda – Interested in: The next question is whether this influence came directly from Arab traders or whether it’s come from Swahili.
Other than a little interest in the most “obscure” or linguistically interesting languages, it’s pretty euro-centric. The apparent lack of interest on UniLang is quite understandable in light of the mind-boggling difficulty of this Bantu supra-language. No registered users and 1 guest. Syllable structure in Rundi is considered to be CV, that is having no clusters, no coda consonants, and no complex vowel nuclei.
Kirundi-English, English-Kirundi Dictionaries
F10 F11 Tongwe F12 Bende. Francophone African Sign Language. It looks difficult but I’d certainly trammar up for the challenge if there were just more resources. Do you have any links? It has been proposed that sequences that are CVV in the surface realization are actually CV in the underlying deep structurewith the consonant coalescing with the first vowel.
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Wow, I like that. Views Read Edit View history.
All five vowels occur in long and short forms. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. David Zorc and Louise Gammar ” Kinyarwanda and Kirundi Comparative Grammar ” published in by Dunwoody Pressand would like to start a discussion on this dialect continuum of Central Africa.
This page was last edited on 10 Decemberat Kongo Kituba Lingala Swahili Tshiluba. The languages are not that hard to learn and I have learned complicated languages than those two German. How far did you get? HutuTutsiand Twa. It is the official granmar of Burundi.
Wow, it looks like we’ve finally found the language that’s too obscure or too harrowing even for UniLang!